2005〜 Dr. Toshihide Yamashita of Chiba, Japan and Dr. Zhigang He of Boston, MA in recognition of their demonstration that multiple myelin inhibitors of axonal regeneration mediate their actions by converging on a signaling pathway involving members of the p75 receptor Family.
2003〜 Dr. Jerry Silver of Cleveland Ohio, USA in recognition of his demonstration that white matter does not always inhibit axonal extension after CNS injury in adult mammals and that other factors, especially glycosaminoglycans contribute to the failure of axonal regeneration.
2002〜 Dr. Stephen Strittmatter of Connecticut, USA, in recognition of his accomplishment in molecular isolation of the Nogo-66 receptor, an important convergent point of action of multiple inhibitors of regeneration.
2001〜 Dr. Marie T. Filbin of New York USA, and Dr. Mu-Ming Poo of Berkeley, California, USA, in recognition of their accomplishment in basic research in demonstrating that stimulation of the cyclic nucleotide signaling pathways can affect guidance molecules, the growth cone and inhibition of axon regeneration in the injured spinal cord.
1998〜 Dr. Thomas M. Jessell of New York, USA, in recognition of his accomplishment in basic research demonstrating that Sonic Hedgehog (SHH) and other signaling molecules are critical for inducing the differentiation of motor neurons, interneurons and other cells in the mammalian spinal cord.
1997〜 Dr. Corey S. Goodman of Berkeley, California, USA, in recognition of his accomplishment in basic research through the application of a pioneering approach, using Drosophila genetics, to identify a large number of molecules, with equivalence in the human spinal cord that are for axonal pathfinding.
1995〜 Dr. Marc Tessier-Lavigne of San Francisco, California, USA, in recognition of his accomplishment in basic research in cloning a type of gene which guides new nerve growth in the damaged spinal cord.
1993〜 Dr. Albert J. Aguayo of Montreal, Canada, in recognition of his accomplishment in basic research demonstrating that nerve cells of the brain and spinal cord, contrary to then accepted belief, do in fact have the capacity to regenerate.
1992〜 Dr. Fred W. Gage of La Jolla, California, USA, in recognition of his accomplishment in basic research in the promotion of regeneration in the central nervous system through the use of somatic gene transfer techniques.
1991〜 Dr. Yves-Alain Barde of Munich, Germany, in recognition of his accomplishment in basic research in the identification, purification and cloning of brain derived neurotrophic factor.
1990〜 Dr. Martin E. Schwab of Zurich, Switzerland, in recognition of his accomplishment in basic research toward understanding the factors that inhibit the regrowth of damaged cells in the central nervous system.